The Clayton Act

Date in History : October 05, 1914

In response to pressure to clarify labor’s position under antitrust

laws, Congress, in 1914, enacted the Clayton Act, which included

several major provisions protective of organized labor.


The Act stated that “the labor of a human being is not commodity or

article of commerce,” and provided further that nothing contained in

the Federal antitrust laws:


-shall be construed to forbid the existence and

operation of labor…organizations…nor shall

such organizations, or the members thereof, be

held or construed to be illegal combinations or

conspiracies in restraint of trade under the

anti-trust laws.